TNO (The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research – TNO) is one of the major contract research organisations in Europe. With a staff of approximately 3500 and an annual turnover of 580 million Euros, TNO is carrying out research in order to achieve impact on the following seven themes: Healthy Living, Industrial Innovation, Transport and Mobility, Energy, Built Environment, Information Society, and Defence, Safety and Security. TNO functions as an intermediary between basic research organisations and industry. By translating scientific knowledge into practical applications, TNO contributes to the innovation capacity of businesses and government. TNO is involved in many international projects, including EU-funded collaborations. The Blue Mining project is part of the TNO activities under the theme Energy, and will be powered by the Maritime & Offshore department located in Delft, the Netherlands.